This year marks the centenary of the birth of Dr. Edward “Edward” Craddock, the first African-American doctor in the US to reach the top of his profession.
As we mark the anniversary, we take a look back at some of Craddock’s defining moments and his life’s work.
Craddock was born in 1856 in the rural town of West Point, New York, a small, working-class community with few other whites in the community.
His father, Samuel Craddock Sr., was a railroad worker, and his mother, Ida, was a housewife.
Edward’s father died when he was just 18 years old, leaving a wife and two young children, John and Josephine.
In 1874, Edward Sr. was ordained a Methodist minister and became a teacher at the local school, and the family moved to West Point.
In the following year, he married Elizabeth Gee, a young widow from New York who worked as a secretary and then as a laundress.
After attending West Point for a few years, he moved back to his hometown and took a job as a nurse at a local hospital.
He taught the young children how to play and how to dress, and eventually, he began to take care of patients.
Cramps family was well-to-do, and Craddock started attending Presbyterian churches.
By 1887, he was in charge of the nursing services at the hospital, and he also worked in a hospital pharmacy.
One of his patients, a man with cerebral palsy, was very sick.
Dr. Craddles wife, who was also working at the time, noticed that he was always taking his medicine in a different glass from his patient.
She suggested that he use a little extra medicine to keep his own medicine glass clear, and so he did.
The following year at the same hospital, Dr. Thomas Craddock saw Edward and asked if he would like to be a part of a new study that was being conducted.
Dr Craddock declined, but instead of being a nurse, he became a cardiologist.
Cradles research showed that people with hemophilia, a disease that causes blood clots, were more likely to have a stroke when their blood pressure was too high, and that people who were obese and who had hypertension had more severe strokes.
Cradle to grave, Craddock and his wife moved to New York City, where they eventually settled in one of the wealthiest neighborhoods in the city, West Broadway.
Dr Thomas Craddens family was an active philanthropist and a philanthropist’s dream.
His family began to invest in local schools and then hospitals, and in 1891, Dr Craddhes foundation began a program to provide free medical care to poor families, particularly those of color.
In 1906, the Craddises purchased a home in the South Bronx, and by 1910, the family had over a million dollars of assets.
He was well known for his extensive medical knowledge and his ability to deliver powerful medicines.
Drs Craddleys contributions to his community were also legendary.
He had an extensive medical network in New York that stretched back into the south and west of the state, as well as into the northern and southern portions of the country.
In 1917, he published a paper called The Health of the Poor in which he argued that the only way to improve the health of the poor was to provide health care to them.
Dr’s research had led him to conclude that poor people in the United States needed to be given a higher standard of living and more opportunities to pursue their own goals.
The same year, Drs.
Craddon and Craddley moved to Harlem, and soon, they established the first Harlem-based medical school in the world, known as Harlem Medical College.
This medical school was called the New York Medical College of Physicians and Surgeons (NYMCPS).
As the school grew, Dr Thomas Sr. began to see a need for more and better medical care.
At this point, Dr Robert Craddock had been working in the hospital for more than 25 years and had become a well-known physician and public figure.
He became the head of the Harlem Medical School in 1924 and was the first black dean at this school.
Dr Robert also had a passion for health care, and for this, he established a medical school at Harlem Medical.
By the early 1930s, Dr Dr Craddon had developed a reputation as a leader in the field of medical care in Harlem, as evidenced by his position as dean of the school and by his public advocacy for health services in the communities of Harlem.
In 1935, Dr John Craddon, who had worked as an electrician and a railroad foreman, was awarded a doctorate in medicine and was also the first physician in Harlem to receive an honorary doctorate of medicine.
Dr John was an early advocate of medical education and an early proponent of the idea of socialization.
He advocated for the use of educational programs